Obverse:||George III - Design by Heinrich Kuchler.|
Legend: GEORGIUS III D G REX
Reverse:||Britannia seated - Design by Heinrich Kuchler.|
Legend: BRITANNIA 1797
|Size:||36 mm (diameter).|
|Composition:||1 oz Copper.|
1797 1oz Copper Twopence
Affectionately known as 'Cartwheels' because of their large size and weight, the 1oz copper penny coin is significant in being the first coin (along with the 2 oz copper twopence) to be produced using Matthew Boulton's steam powered coining press. The coins contained exactly one ounce (avoirdupois) of copper making them ideal as substitutes for weights in measuring produce, a task for which they were intentionally designed.
The coin was given a value of 2 pence by Governor King throughout the infant colony of New South Wales, in his proclamation of 1800.
In 2000, Australia celebrated the bicentenary of King's proclamation by incorporating the 1oz Cartwheel Penny in the design of a special commemorative 1 oz silver coin.
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Last modified: 05 December, 2007